© 2023 - NPEC

Statecraft and Spacecraft: The History and Future of Space Diplomacy


Beard, Jack M., “Soft Law’s Failure on the Horizon: The International Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities” (2016). Space and Telecommunications Law Program Faculty Publications. Paper 87.

China’s Space Activities in 2016,  available at http://www.scio.gov.cn/zfbps/32832/Document/1537024/1537024.htm.

Henry Hertzfeld, Ch. 10 “Commercial Space and Spacepower,” Towards a Theory of Spacepower, National Defense University, 2011.

Johnson, Christopher “The Outer Space Treaty at 50,” The Space Review, Jan. 23, 2017.

David A. Koplow, “The Fault Is Not in Our Stars: Avoiding an Arms Race in Outer Space,” 59 Harv. Int’l L.J. 331, 2018.

National Space Policy, December 2020, available at https://www.space.commerce.gov/policy/national-space-policy/.

United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. December 19, 1966.

U.S. Space Priorities Framework, available at https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/United-States-Space-Priorities-Framework-_-December-1-2021.pdf.

Click here to view Henry Hertzfeld’s slides.